INSTITUTIONAL PRINCIPLES FOR DETERMINING CONSUMERS BEYOND ENERGY POVERTY: INTERNATIONAL EXPERIENCE AND UKRAINIAN REALITIES

Keywords: energy poverty, institutionalization, energy resources, households, public administration decisions.

Abstract

The list of seventeen global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for the period up to 2030 is presented in an official document of the UN General Assembly. All countries, including Ukraine, are trying to reach them. To this end, the National Report «Sustainable Development Goals: Ukraine» was prepared, which, taking into account the peculiarities of national development, highlights the results of adaptation of global CSWs, including those related to ensuring access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy sources.

To overcome the problems associated with access of certain categories of consumers to the most important energy services of adequate quality at affordable prices, the transactions of the Third and Fourth Energy Packages of the EU set general provisions for all EU Member States on overcoming energy poverty. They set common goals for all EU member states to form the institutional framework for tackling energy poverty consumers, and for each Member State, it is provided the independent development of institutional frameworks for identifying consumers below energy poverty and implementing measures to tackle it. Given the above the purpose of the study is to analyze the experience of individual EU member states in the formation of these principles, especially the development of norms, rules, missions (roles) of public administration to implement public administration activities to identify consumers outside the energy poverty.

The study found that Italy and Ireland have now established basic rules and regulations for identifying consumers who are below the poverty line. Appropriate methodologies and criteria have been developed, in particular regarding the expediency of taking into account informal norms, as well as the organizations that are working to address these issues have been identified. At the same time, in Greece and Latvia, the need to form an institutional framework for identifying consumers who are below the poverty line is only normatively declared.

Due to the fact that about a quarter of households in Ukraine did not have enough funds to maintain a sufficiently warm temperature in their homes during the heating season, the institutional framework for identifying consumers below the energy poverty line is not currently formed. At the same time, only institutional principles are being formed, which relate to the identification of vulnerable consumers of energy resources, as well as their protection. Therefore, given the common goals for all EU member states to form the institutional framework for overcoming energy poverty, and separately for each Member State it is provided the independent formation of institutional frameworks relating to the identification of consumers below the energy poverty, this issue is relevant for Ukraine.

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Published
2019-12-15
How to Cite
Zavgorodnia, S. (2019). INSTITUTIONAL PRINCIPLES FOR DETERMINING CONSUMERS BEYOND ENERGY POVERTY: INTERNATIONAL EXPERIENCE AND UKRAINIAN REALITIES. Strategic Panorama, (1-2), 73-85. Retrieved from https://niss-panorama.com/index.php/journal/article/view/96
Section
Economic and energy security