THE NOTION OF ENERGY SECURITY IN POLITICAL SCIENCE AND PRACTICAL EVALUATION OF STATE POLICY

  • I. Moshenets
Keywords: energy security, energy policy, European Union, Energy Union, strategy of energy security, energy diplomacy

Abstract

This article is dedicated to the analysis of different approaches to defining energy security and its conceptualization in public administration discourse in the European Union and Ukraine. The notion of energy security is polysemantic and multidimensional. It is proposed to define energy security as a resilient durable state of optimal and sustainable multidimensional functioning of energy systems, which is characterized by the present means of counteraction and adaptation toward situations, dangerous for their stability. The main approaches to defining energy security are technical, geopolitical, market and ecological. In the lenses of political science, the meaning of energy security may variate, widening on narrowing in accordance with the purposes of the particular study. On the other hand, we can easily distinguish in governmental practice a tendency of avoiding formulation of all-encompassing definition, which is replaced by a combination of priority fields and indicators allowing to evaluate progress made in them. In this manner, energy security turns from an analytic term of political science into a normative goal of public policy. The process of its clarifying is heavily dependent on the value preferences of policymakers. However, when comparing two analyzed cases, it should be concluded that such «no-definition approach» is more common in European Union policy documents rather than Ukrainian because the latter provide some examples of possible energy security definitions. Two aspects should be considered as playing the most important role in political dynamic in providing energy security: interests of different political actors by the strategic planning of state policies and peculiarities of influence imposed by corporative actors from internal markets on the character of external state activities in form of energy diplomacy.

 

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Published
2019-03-28
How to Cite
Moshenets, I. (2019). THE NOTION OF ENERGY SECURITY IN POLITICAL SCIENCE AND PRACTICAL EVALUATION OF STATE POLICY. Strategic Panorama, (2), 86-93. Retrieved from https://niss-panorama.com/index.php/journal/article/view/86
Section
Energy Security