THE CONSOLIDATION POTENTIAL OF THE UKRAINIAN NATION

  • M. Stepyko
Keywords: consolidation, types and contexts of consolidation: identification, state building, person-centered; conflict potential and tolerance of society, social optimism, content and goals of consolidation

Abstract

The purpose of the article is to analyze the phenomenon and the possibilities of consolidation of the Ukrainian nation for the sake of rallying around solving urgent problems and effectively responding to the challenges of history. It is obvious that consolidation is the central factor of the effectiveness of any social action, requiring collective intelligence and collective aspiration, not to mention a strategic goal, the achievement of which is impossible without activating this phenomenon. Consolidation of society can be strong and weak, organized and spontaneous, long-term and temporary, nationwide and regional, and constructive or destructive (radical). Constructive consolidation can be understood primarily as the unity of society based on common values and a common goal. In modern conditions, the main aim of consolidating Ukrainian society is to unite the efforts of all the citizens to rebuff Russian aggression, protect the sovereignty and independence of the state, to integrate Ukraine into European and Euro-Atlantic structures, and achieve a decent human well-being for all Ukrainian citizens. Modern Ukrainian society has a significant consolidation potential despite the ambivalence of aspirations of political elites, the differentiation of society not only by economic status, but also by ideological, geopolitical and value orientations, priority for many citizens of regional identity over national identity, a low level of people’s trust in government, economic and legal institutions, linguistic and cultural contradictions, and the like. The potential of consolidation of the Ukrainian society has three main contexts: identification, state, person-centered. The identification context of consolidation reveals primarily as a positive attitude towards its nation-state, rejection of the idea of federalization of the country and the practices of regional separatism, which was particularly active in Ukraine in late 2013 and early 2014. In the years that have passed since the Revolution of Dignity and the start of the undeclared war of the Russian Federation against Ukraine, the consolidation processes in Ukrainian society led to a radical strengthening of Ukrainian national identity. In recent years, the level of patriotism in the country has significantly increased, and the support of the European course of the state has increased too. Pro-Western and pro-Ukrainian vectors are now uniquely dominant in Ukrainian society. At the same time, the potential for the formation of Ukrainian identity has not yet been exhausted.

 

References

1. Vitte, Lotar. (2006). Yevropeiska sotsialna model i sotsialna zghurtovanist: yaku rol vidihraie YeS? [The European Social Model and Social Cohesion: What Role Does the EU Play?]. Kyiv: Fond imeni Fridrikha Eberta, Rehion. Predstavnytstvo v Ukraini ta Bilorusi (pp. 37–42) [in Ukrainian].

2. Pyrozhkov, S. (1992). Trudovoi potentsyal v demograficheskom izmerenii [Labor potential in the demonraphic dimension]. Kyiv: Naukova dumka (p. 9) [in Russian].

3. Petrushyna, T. (2013). Sotsiokulturnyi potentsial innovatsiinoho rozvytku ukrainskoho suspilstva [Socio-cultural potential of innovation in the development of Ukrainian society]. In: Ukrainske suspilstvo 1992–2013: sots monitorynh. Kyiv: Instytut sotsiolohii NAN Ukrainy( pp. 357–359) [in Ukrainian].

4. V sluchae vtorzheniia Rossii kazhdyi sedmoi ukrainets uidet dobrovoltsem v armiiu, kazhdyi desiatyi – v partizany, – opros [In the event of Russia's invasion, every seventh Ukrainian will volunteer to join the army, every tenth will become partisan, – poll]. (n.d.). atn.ua. Retrieved from http://atn.ua/obshchestvo/v-sluchae-vtorzheniya-rossiikazhdyy-sedmoy-ukrainec-uydet-dobrovolcem-v-armiyu-kazhdyy [in Russian].

5. Kulyk, V. (2016). National Identity in Ukraine: Impact of Euromaidan and the War. Europe-Asia Studies, Vol. 68, No. 4 [in English].

6. Hryniv, I., Chekh, M. (2017, June 17). Natsionalne pytannia: Ukraina yak Yevropa [National Issue: Ukraine as Europe]. Dzerkalo tyzhnia. Ukraina. dt.ua. Retrieved from https://dt.ua/internal/nacionalne-pitannyaukrayina- yak-yevropa-245832_.html [in Ukrainian].

7. Nastroi ta ochikuvannia ukraintsiv: rehionalni osoblyvosti [Public mood and expectations of Ukrainians: regional peculiarities]. (n.d.). ratinggroup.ua. Retrieved from http://ratinggroup.ua/research/ukraine/nastroeniya_i_ozhidaniya_ukraincev_regionalnye_osobennosti.html [in Ukrainian].

8. Osoblyvosti identychnosti hromadian Ukrainy: problemy ta perspektyvy konsolidatsii suspilstva [Features of the identity of Ukrainian citizens: problems and perspectives of consolidation of society]. (n.d.). razumkov.org.ua. Retrieved from http://razumkov.org.ua/upload/Identi-2016.pdf [in Ukrainian].

9. Vvazhaiut sebe hromadianamy SRSR blyzko 3 % ukraintsiv [Some 3 % of Ukrainians consider themselves as citizens of the USSR]. (n.d.). dt.ua. Retrieved from https://dt.ua/UKRAINE/vvazhayut-sebe-gromadyanami-srsr-blizko-3-ukrayinciv-231941_.html) [in Ukrainian].

10. "Zahlushky" i dotatsii TB: u MIP rozghliadaiut try stratehii shchodo okupovanoho Donbasu. [“Closures” and TV donations: IDPs consider three strategies for the occupied Donbas]. (n.d.). www.5.ua. Retrieved from https://www.5.ua/suspilstvo/zahlushky-i-dotatsii-tb-u-mip-rozghliadaiut-try-stratehii-shchodo-okupovanoho-donbasu-151379.html [in Ukrainian].

11. Patriotychni nastoi ukraintsiv [Patriotic moods of Ukrainians]. (n.d.). ratinggroup.ua. Retrieved from http://ratinggroup.ua/research/ukraine/patrioticheskie_nastroeniya_ukraincev.html [in Ukrainian].

12. Dynamika stavlennia do Holodomoru: lystopad 2017 [The trends in publis attitudes to Holodomor: November 2017]. (n.d.). ratinggroup.ua. Retrieved from http://ratinggroup.ua/research/ukraine/dinamika_otnosheniya_k_golodomoru_noyabr_2017.html [in Ukrainian].

13. Do dnia zakhysnyka Ukrainy [To the Day of the Defender of Ukraine]. (n.d.). ratinggroup.ua. Retrieved from http://ratinggroup.ua/research/ukraine/ko_dnyu_zaschitnika_ukrainy.html [in Ukrainian].

14. Stavlennia do okremykh istorychnykh postatei ta protsesu dekomunizatsii v Ukraini [Attitudes to certain historical figures and the process of de-communism in Ukraine]. (n.d.). ratinggroup.ua. Retrieved from http://ratinggroup.ua/research/ukraine/otnoshenie_k_otdelnym_istoricheskim_lichnostyam_i_processu_dekommunizacii_v_ukraine.html [in Ukrainian].

15. Nahorna, L. (2011). Sotsiokulturna identychnist: pastky tsinnisnykh rozmezhuvan [Socio-cultural identity: traps of value differences]. Kyiv (p. 11) [in Ukrainian].

16. Rezultaty natsionalnykh shchorichnykh monitorynhovykh opytuvan 1992–2016 rokiv [Results of national annual monitoring surveys 1992–2016]. (n.d.). i-soc.com.ua. Retrieved from http://i-soc.com.ua/assets/files/monitoring/dodatki2016.pdf [in Ukrainian].

17. Lypynskyi, V. (1926). Lysty do brativ-khliborobiv pro ideiu i orhanizatsiiu ukrainskoho monarkhizmu, pysani v 1919–1926 r. Veinna (627 p.). diasporiana.org.ua. Retrieved from http://diasporiana.org.ua/wp-content/uploads/books/3615/file.pdf [in Ukrainian].

18. Kozlovets, M.A. (2009). Fenomen natsionalnoi identychnosti: vyklyky hlobalizatsii [The phenomenon of national identity: the challenges of globalization]. Zhytomyr: Vyd-vo ZhDU im. I. Franka (p. 498) [in Ukrainian].

19. Slonovska, O. (2007). Slid nevlovymoho Proteia (mif Ukrainy v literaturi ukrainskoi diaspory 20-kh – 50-kh rokiv ХХ stolittia) [The elusive Proteus follows: (myth of Ukraine in the literature of the Ukrainian diaspora of the 20's and 50's of the ХХ century)]. Ivano-Frankivsk, Play; Kolomyia, Vik (p. 441) [in Ukrainian].

20. Ukraina opynylasia na 138-mu mistsi zi 156 krain za rivnem shchastia [Ukraine was at 138th place in 156 countries in terms of happiness]. (n.d.). zik.ua. Retrieved from https://zik.ua/news/2018/03/16/ukraina_opynylasya_na_138mu_mistsi_zi_156_krain_za_rivnem_shchastya_1285943 [in Ukrainian].

21. Konsolidatsiia ukrainskoho suspilstva: shliakhy, vyklyky, perspektyvy. Informatsiino-analitychni materialy do Fakhovoi dyskusii 16 hrudna 2016 r. [Consolidation of Ukrainian society: ways, challenges, perspectives. Information and analytical materials for the Professional Discussion. December 16, 2016]. (2016). Kyiv (p. 11) [in Ukrainian].
Published
2019-03-28
How to Cite
Stepyko, M. (2019). THE CONSOLIDATION POTENTIAL OF THE UKRAINIAN NATION. Strategic Panorama, (2), 37-46. Retrieved from https://niss-panorama.com/index.php/journal/article/view/81
Section
Issue of Nation-Building