PROBLEMS OF IMPLEMENTATION OF THE NATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGY OF UKRAINE

Keywords: planning, national security, national security strategy, national resilience, security environment.

Abstract

The article explores the development of methodological principles in the field of strategic planning and management and the development of planning documents in the field of national security, taking into account the peculiarities of the current stage of global development, the variability of the security environment.

The purpose of this article is to identify problematic issues in the field of national security planning in Ukraine and ways to improve the process of development and implementation of the National Security Strategy, taking into account the best world practices. The research is based on the analysis of publications by domestic and foreign researchers in the field of strategic planning, appropriate legal acts of Ukraine, as well as the author's experience gained from her involving in development of draft strategic documents of the state.

This article is focusing on solving the following scientific and practical problems: identification of the main trends in the development of methodological framework of strategic planning in the field of national security; identification of problems in the field of strategic planning in the field of national security of Ukraine; identification of scientifically substantiated ways to improve the process of strategic planning in the field of national security in Ukraine, taking into account the best international practices.

The main research methods are empirical (in particular, observations, descriptions, comparisons) and general scientific (primarily, analysis, synthesis, generalization, explanation, historical and logical methods, etc.).

The main results of the study are, in particular, the following:

It is determined that in accordance to the best world practices the development of national security strategies take into account the principles of national resilience and the wide expert involvement in the process of preparation of such a document is recommended. The growing role of strategic management and the need to ensure national resilience characterize current trends in the development of methodological framework of strategic planning in the field of national security.

It is emphasized that the very fact that the state has a national security strategy based on the scientific ground is not a guarantee of achieving certain goals and results in practice. Therefore, the process of implementation of such a document should be under constant control by the public authorities.

The new cycle of planning has been starting after the adoption in 2020 of the new National Security Strategy of Ukraine. The analysis conducted by the author revealed a number of problematic issues, the solution of which requires, in particular, the amendment to the Law of Ukraine "On National Security of Ukraine" in terms of strategic planning. The fundamental differences and innovations of the current National Security Strategy of Ukraine in comparison with its previous editions are determined.

It is emphasized that lessons from the experience of implementing strategic planning documents in the field of national security should be learned in Ukraine. It is determined that the low level of implementation of previous national security strategies of Ukraine was caused by the declarative nature of some of their norms, lack and formality of control over the implementation of such documents, lack of reporting procedures, indicators and criteria for evaluating the results, including for their compliance with certain objectives.

The lack of attention to the analysis of the security situation in appropriate field, risk assessment, forecasting, threat identification and vulnerability detection are identified as some of the most significant problems during the preparation of strategic planning documents in the field of national security.

Based on the results of the study, recommendations for the state authorities of Ukraine were prepared.

References

1. On the decision of the National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine dated September 14, 2020 "On the Strategy of National Security of Ukraine": Decree of the President of Ukraine of 2020, September 14, No. 392/2020. (2020). Legislation of Ukraine: Official portal. Retrieved February 24, 2020, from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/392/2020#Text [in Ukrainian].

2. Horbulin, V. P., & Kachynskyi, A. B. (2010). Strategic planning: solving national security problems. Kyiv: NISS, 288 p. [in Ukrainian].

3. Boucher, A. J. (2009, December 12). National Security Policies and Strategies: A Note on Current Practice. Stimson Center. https://www.stimson.org/wp-content/files/file-attachments/Stimson_National_Security_Strategy_Note_FINAL_12dec09_1_1.pdf [in English].

4. Tama, J. (2016). Why Strategic Planning Matters to National Security. The Lawfare Institut. https://www.lawfareblog.com/why-strategic-planning-matters-national-security [in English].

5. Caudle, Sh. L.,  Spiegeleire, S. de. (2010). A New Generation of National Security Strategies: Early Findings from the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management. Vol. 7, Issue 1, Art. 35.

6. On National Security of Ukraine: Law of Ukraine of 2018, June 21, No. 2469-VIII. (2018). Bulletin of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, 31, Art. 241 [in Ukrainian].

7. On the Framework of National Security of Ukraine: Law of Ukraine of 2003, June 19, No. 964-IV. (2003). Bulletin of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, 39, Art. 351 [in Ukrainian].

8. On the Organization of Defense Planning: Law of Ukraine of 2004, November 18, No. 2198-IV. (2005). Bulletin of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, 4, Art. 97 [in Ukrainian].

9. On the Strategy of National Security of Ukraine: Decree of the President of Ukraine of 2007, February 12, No. 105/2007. (2007). Legislation of Ukraine: Official portal. Retrieved February 24, 2020, from http://zakon0.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/105/2007/ed20070212 [in Ukrainian].

10. On the decision of the National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine dated June 8, 2012 "On the new Strategy of National Security of Ukraine": Decree of the President of Ukraine of 2012, June 8, No. 389/2012. (2012). Legislation of Ukraine: Official portal. Retrieved February 24, 2020, from http://zakon0.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/389/2012/paran18#n18 [in Ukrainian].

11. On the decision of the National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine dated May 6, 2015 "On the Strategy of National Security of Ukraine": Decree of the President of Ukraine of 2015, May 26, No. 287/2015. (2015). Legislation of Ukraine: Official portal. Retrieved February 24, 2020, from http://zakon2.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/287/2015 [in Ukrainian].

12. Reznikova, O. O. (2018). Developing a national security strategy based on the principles of national resilience. Strategic Panorama, 2, 5–11 [in Ukrainian].

13. Reznikova, O. O., Voitovskyi, K. Ye.,  Lepikhov, A. V. (2020). National risk and threat assessment systems: the best world practices, new opportunities for Ukraine. Kyiv: NISS, 84 p. [in Ukrainian].
Published
2020-12-15
How to Cite
Reznikova, O. (2020). PROBLEMS OF IMPLEMENTATION OF THE NATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGY OF UKRAINE. Strategic Panorama, (1-2), 5-13. Retrieved from https://niss-panorama.com/index.php/journal/article/view/101